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What is prayer?


Prayer is defined generally as the way men communicate/fellowship with God.

It has been from the beginning of time.

The Bible records in Genesis 3 that in the evening, God would descend into the Garden of Eden and relate with man.

The bible also records that Cain and Abel burnt sacrifice unto God in worship.

Right from the first man (even after the fall), God has always established a way for men to reach out and have fellowship with him.

From the Old Testament, we find proof of men in a relationship with God.

The New Testament even establishes the fundamentals of fellowshipping judiciously.

You can read Scriptures that teach us how to pray

Prayer in the old testament


The Old Testament establishes different scenarios where men prayed onto God and no doubt received their petitions.

The bible record in James 5:17-18 that Elijah prayed earnestly that it would not rain and it did not.

Also, the scriptures talk about Hannah and how she prayed so heartily and was like a drunk (1Samuel 1:9-15)

David the king was also known for his life of continuous fellowship.

Characteristics of Prayer in the Old Testament

1. It was to God and not through any medium. (1Samuel 1:10)
2. There were vows made to give weight to their prayers. (1Samuel 1:11)
3. They were mostly for petitioning and deliverance.

Prayer in the New Testament


Christ established throughout the four synoptic gospels the importance of prayer in the life of a believer. The disciples asked him to teach them how to pray and he gave us a pattern for continuous fellowship with God.

It is popularly known as the Lord’s Prayer (Check Luke 1:1-3 for better understanding).

The Lord gave us a template for prayer and this template has been used to infer the various types of prayer. They are;

  • Prayer of thanksgiving
  • Prayer for Kingdom Advancement
  • Prayer for provision
  • Prayer for the forgiveness of sins
  • Prayer for protection from the Evil One.

For a believer, these prayers are made in the Name of Jesus.

It should, however, be noted that the above-listed forms of prayer existed even in the Old Testament.

In addition to the above-listed forms of prayer, the New Testament believer has a more sophisticated mode of praying to God known as praying in the Spirit also known as praying in tongues (Check 1 Corinthians 14 for better understanding).

Characteristics of Prayer in the New Testament

1. It is by the Name of Jesus.
2. It is now based on relationships and not just petitioning.
3. It requires faith in the Name of Jesus.

Why should Believers Pray?


There are diverse scripturally verified reasons why a believer should pray which include;

  • The primary reason why believers should pray is because of his/her relationship with God (For God so loved the world…). It is God’s utmost desire that man would relate with Him as a friend (Genesis 3:8, 1Corinthians 14:2).
  • Another important reason why believers should pray is for spiritual warfare (Matthew )
  • Also, as believers, we pray to God to remember our causes e.g. Healing, Prosperity and so on.
  • Finally, when we fellowship (especially in the spirit), we are being built up spiritually (1Corinthians 14:4)

I hope you were blessed by this post.

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